• Accelerated Curriculum  – learning programs designed to be completed quickly, through short, intensive and rigorous phases of learning. Also referred to as boot camps.


  • Accreditation refers to the process of certifying, or accrediting that an individual, process, organization, product, or object meets a minimum set of predefined standards by a governing body. The accreditation process generally involves an audit, test, or assessment. See also Certification.


  • Action Learning is a type of learning that puts students in charge of their own learning experience, opposite of traditional learning methods where teachers/instructors do most of the teaching. Action Learning promotes engagement and collaboration through case studies, simulations, problem-solving, real-world scenarios, role playing, etc., allowing students to actively lead discussions, ask questions, or clarify learning topics.


  • Adaptive Learning is an approach to create a personalized learning experience for the learner using technology. To meet the needs of today’s learners, learning and development professionals are developing tailored approaches to learning that leverages the ability to customize the content and deliver it at various speeds. Adaptive learning is designed to build employee competency, and can also improve employee retention and engagement.

Adaptive Testing refers to sequential computer-based testing, in which successive items are selected for presentation based on the test takers performance on previous items. Variable length adaptive testing allows test takers to take exams in a shorter period of time because the number of questions presented is directly related to their answers.

ADDIE Model is one of many approaches (see also Instructional Systems Design) used by instructional designers and content developers for the purpose of creating instructional course materials. The model has been adopted as the standard approach by many instructional designers because of its flexibility. ADDIE is a five phase process of which each phase is interrelated, and can take place sequentially or concurrently. The five phases are: analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. Also see Rapid Application Development.


The Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative was created as a result of Presidential Order 13111, and signed on January 12, 1999 by President William Clinton. The initiative is part of the Department of Defense (DoD) Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Readiness). The objective of the Initiative is to provide flexible training opportunities to employees and to explore how federal training programs, initiatives, and policies can better support lifelong learning through the use of learning technology.

The Initiative’s goals are to: (1) Identify and recommend standards for training software and associated services purchased by Federal agencies and contractors. (2) Facilitate and accelerate the development of key technical training standards in industry and in standards-development organizations, (3) Establish guidelines on the use of standards and provide a mechanism to assist DoD and other Federal agencies in the large-scale development, implementation, and assessment of interoperable and reusable learning systems.

Adult Learning Theory 

The Adult Learning Theory explores how adults learn. It provides a framework to help instructors design learning and development programs that will meet the needs of professionals at each phase of their career path. There are a variety of Adult Learning Theories that can inform training decisions in the corporate training context and can also be considered to design professional development activities for educators. Understanding how adults learn is essential to developing successful training programs.

Also see Andragogy.

Adverse Impact 

According to the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (UGESP, or Uniform Guidelines), adverse impact is a substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, or other employment decision criterion which works to the disadvantage of members of a race, sex, or ethnic group.


Agile Agile refers to an individual’s or organization’s ability to respond quickly to changes in their environment. Agile training is training that teaches individuals within organizations to better respond to changing conditions in their work environment or market.

Agile Learning Design (ALD)  is an approach to content development that focuses on speed, flexibility and collaboration for the purpose of creating more relevant and cost efficient learning programs. The term ‘agile learning design’ evolved from the software development industry, in which electronic content development (e.g., e-learning) has similar characteristics to software development.

 Alignment involves the awareness and support of an organization’s values, mission, and business goals by all departments and individuals within the organization. In order for any organization to be successful, they must align their culture, strategy, and short-term and long-term objectives with their business goals. In a training context, alignment, or strategic alignment, refers to an organizations ability to ensure their activities are aligned with the organization’s goals.

Analytics is the process or approach to analyzing activities, processes, or events. In a training context, analytics refers to the process or act of measuring an individual, system, or organization’s performance.

Andragogy refers to the art and science of teaching adult education. Also see Pedagogy.

Applicant Tracking System  (ATS) is an automated software solution that streamlines the recruiting process to efficiently find talent. An applicant tracking system gathers important candidate information and allows organizations to track candidate progress through each stage of the hiring process. An ATS enables employers to automate job postings, track important KPI’s, source candidates via social, prescreen candidates and send offer letters.

Appreciative Inquiry 



Approval Workflows help automate business processes by making them automatic, consistent, and more efficient. They allow organizations to easily and automatically route documents and other items through one or more people for their approval.


Artificial Intelligence


Asynchronous Learning

Autocratic Leadership Leader determines policy of the organisation, instructs members what to do/make, subjective in approach, aloof and impersonal.

Authoring Tool


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